2019 YEAR IN REVIEW
LOS ANGELES — Elected officials at the local, county and state levels struggled to deal with homelessness and rent control during 2019, while also trying to figure out how to cope with the state’s legalization of recreational use of marijuana and an increase in the use of e-cigarettes, which was creating its own health issues.
A new county sheriff created controversy within county government and teachers in the Los Angeles Unified School District went on strike in January for the first time in 30 years.
Those were among the top stories of 2019 in Los Angeles and its surrounding communities.
The homeless issue took on crisis status when the Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority released the results of its annual homeless count that took place the last week of January.
The report, released June 4, showed that homelessness had increased 12% in Los Angeles County from 2018, with 58,936 persons not having a place to sleep at night.
The report said the region’s housing costs were outpacing wages and forcing people onto the streets faster than authorities could find them shelter.
While the increase was high for the county, it was higher in the city of Los Angeles, where the homeless population increased by 16%.
Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti called the increase in homelessness “heartbreaking.”
“These results remind us of a difficult truth: skyrocketing rents statewide and federal disinvestment in affordable housing, combined with an epidemic of untreated trauma and mental illness, is pushing people into homelessness faster than they can be lifted out,” he said.
The numbers were up despite tens of thousands of people who have moved off the streets and into permanent housing. In the last year alone, the county had helped 21,631 people find permanent homes while another 27,080 who were homeless at some point during the year were able to lift themselves out of homelessness, according to the county data.
Within a week of the release of the homeless county numbers, a coalition released a report that blamed the increase on the lack of a robust rent-control ordinance to control rising housing costs and provide legal protections for tenants.
“This report, coupled with the Los Angeles County homeless count, makes clear that our county is in crisis,” said Pamela Agustin, an organizer with the Eastside Leadership for Equitable and Accountable Development Strategies coalition. “The status quo that has prioritized corporate landlords’ thirst for ever-higher profits over the lives of tenants isn’t working and is tearing at the very fabric of our communities.”
Speaking at a summit of regional leaders Nov. 22, Garcetti said the housing affordability crisis in the state has put the California Dream in peril, but he expressed optimism in efforts to increase housing stock and tackle the problem.
“Where we have failed the most is with housing,” Garcetti said during the 2019 Annual Mayoral Housing, Transportation and Jobs Summit at UCLA.
Garcetti outlined the city’s efforts to streamline the process of building permanent supportive housing, noting a recent City Council vote to exempt supportive housing from environmental reviews and efforts to speed the issuance of building permits.
In December, area elected officials lashed out at the U.S. Supreme Court when it refused to hear an appeal of the ruling by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in the case known as Martin v. City of Boise.
The ruling essentially prevents cities and counties from citing people for sleeping on sidewalks unless there is enough alternative shelter space available for the homeless.
“Homelessness won’t be solved by moving people from one street to another,” Garcetti said. “Our focus will remain on providing services to save lives, keeping our neighborhoods clean and healthy, opening shelters to help get people indoors more quickly and building permanent units to keep them under a roof for good.”
Los Angeles County Supervisor Mark Ridley-Thomas said the ruling only hampers the county’s ability to help people living on the streets, and the decision will continue to create unsafe and unhealthy conditions.
In Sacramento, the state Legislature approved a measure designed to prevent rent gouging and arbitrary evictions. The law, AB 1482, the Tenant Protections Act of 2019, didn’t take effect until Jan. 1 and landlords throughout the state began sending eviction or rent-increase notices to their tenants before the new law could take effect.
That resulted in the city and county of Los Angeles approving emergency measures that banned so called “no-fault” evictions until the end of the year.
Several other cities also enacted different rent control sanctions. Inglewood and Culver City both approved new rent control ordinances.
The Downey City Council denied a request from residents to approve an emergency no-fault eviction ordinance in late November after receiving a letter of protest from the Downey Board of Realtors.
The Bellflower City Council also turned down a request for a no-fault eviction ordinance, saying their wasn’t enough time to do so before the end of the year.
Bellflower did receive praise from an Orange County judge for agreeing to establish a temporary shelter for 50 people in an empty commercial building. Superior Court Judge Dave Carter praised the city for entering a consent judgment from a lawsuit.
not that easy
Elected officials also struggled with the legalization of recreational marijuana use. With illegal pot dispensaries opening throughout the county, legal operations were finding they weren’t generating the revenue they had hoped for.
By the end of the year, the executive director and general manager of the Los Angeles Department of Cannabis Regulation addressed concerns and expressed her disappointment regarding the department’s specified cannabis retail license process, which is subject to an upcoming audit.
The Social Equity Program is open to people who are considered low-income and/or have a low-level criminal history related to cannabis and operate in a “dispensary-impacted area,” most of which are located in South Los Angeles and Hollywood.
But the process for dispersing those licenses has been controversial since it started to take shape. More than 800 applications were submitted online to the city for specific cannabis retail licenses in the program’s third and most recent phase in September, but only about 100 were available, leaving hundreds frustrated.
An October report from City Controller Ron Galperin noted the city of Los Angeles collected more than $70 million in cannabis business and sales taxes in the 2018-19 fiscal year.
Bellflower, one of the few suburban cities to welcome marijuana dispensaries, reported it expected cannabis sales to exceed $28 million in the coming year.
Bellflower’s cannabis ordinance offers permits allowing the sale, cultivation, manufacturing and distribution of cannabis for both recreational and medicinal reasons.
seeks new home
CULVER CITY — A plan to renovate and reactivate the vacant city-owned property at 10858 Culver Blvd. as a creative community center was presented to the public during a meeting at 6 p.m. Sept. 24 at the Culver City Senior Center.
The Wende Museum, the Mayme A. Clayton Library and Museum, and U.S. Veterans’ Artist Alliance are proposing to honor veterans, provide a powerful resource for local students and ensure the Mayme A. Clayton Library and Museum has a permanent space in Culver City, while offering free social services as well as cultural and educational programming to the entire community in the building, which is adjacent to the Wende Museum.
The Creative Community Center proposal has been developed with extensive community input over several months. The Wende Museum hosted three community-input forums, a community open house and a series of smaller outreach meetings and discussions with neighbors, nonprofit leaders and other community stakeholders.
In those discussions, the community shaped a vision for a “Swiss Army Space” type of Creative Community Center that would offer after-school programs, literary readings, performances, a demonstration garden, social services, an artist-in-residency for veterans, job and internship opportunities, and flexible gathering space — all offered to the community free of charge.
Private funding has been secured by the Wende to create the center, a 6,000-square-foot mixed-use space where multiple nonprofits and agencies would collaborate to offer free programs and services to the public.
While the agenda for the meeting suggests that a community center and affordable housing are competing ideas, the Wende, the Clayton, and the Veterans Artist Alliance see these as complementary.
“Cultural and educational programming, social services, and affordable housing can — and should — coexist,” said Justin Jampol, executive director of the Wende Museum. “They are all essential components of a thriving, sustainable community. Free literary and artistic performances, education programs, and social services at the Creative Community Center would complement nearby affordable housing.
“In our vision, we will come together with other local nonprofits and the city to find a way to create visionary, holistic solutions that meet all of our community’s needs.”
The nonprofits and community members envisioning the creative community center hope to work in partnership with the city on developing the concept.
“Working together and pooling resources to provide a greater public benefit while also demonstrating the value of arts and culture collaborations as a model is a win-win-win,” said Steven Fisher of the Mayme A. Clayton Library and Museum.
The Clayton Library and Museum had been operating out of the old Culver City Courthouse since 2006 until the county evicted the collection of African-American rare books, film, artifacts and artworks.
The museum has offers to house its collection at either Cal State Dominguez Hills in Carson or West Los Angeles College in Culver City but could not reach agreement with either of those two facilities.
The Sept. 24 meeting was informational only. The Culver City Council will have the final say in how the building is used.
stress vaping dangers
As officials coped with the legalization of marijuana, they also wrestled with health warnings about the danger of vaping — smoking from electronic cigarettes. In September, the county Board of Supervisors unanimously voted its intent to approve a ban on flavored tobacco products, including menthol, despite protests by dozens of tobacco business owners and advocates who support vaping and e-cigarettes as aids to quitting smoking.
Department of Public Health Director Barbara Ferrer told the board that flavored tobacco products “are driving the current vaping epidemic among youth” and encouraging experimentation that can lead to lifelong addiction.
“Evidence is mounting that vaping can severely impact lung function,” Ferrer said, pointing to nine recent vaping deaths nationwide — including one in Los Angeles County — and decisions by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and surgeon general to declare youth use an epidemic.
In November, California Attorney General Xavier Becerra, Los Angeles County District Attorney Jackie Lacey and county Supervisor Janice Hahn announced a lawsuit against San Francisco-based electronic cigarette maker JUUL Labs Inc. Nov. 18, alleging the company targeted young people through advertising and failed to give warnings about the product.
JUUL sales have grown dramatically and now make up more than 64 percent of the U.S. e-cigarette market, authorities said. According to Becerra’s office, medical researchers have shown that many JUUL users continue to smoke cigarettes and that children who were not likely at risk to start smoking cigarettes have done so as a result of their use of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes.
A Los Angeles City Council committee advanced a proposal Dec. 5 to ban the sale of flavored tobacco products, but it voted to make some exceptions.
The City Council’s Health, Education, Arts, Parks and Neighborhoods Committee voted to advance the proposal to the full council unanimously.
The City Council in Culver City approved a similar ordinance in late October.
walk picket lines
The Los Angeles Unified School District saw its first teachers’ strike in 30 years when teachers walked off the job Jan. 14 seeking increased pay, smaller class sizes and the hiring of more support staff, such as nurses, counselors and librarians.
The strike lasted nine days, including a three-day weekend, after a marathon negotiating session that resulted in a labor agreement.
Garcetti worked with the district and teachers’ union to help broker the labor deal.
“There’s a new energy in L.A. around the idea that we can all play a role in giving our kids the excellent public education they deserve,” wrote Garcetti.
The deal included a 6% pay raise for teachers, with 3 percent retroactive to the 2017-18 school year and another 3% retroactive to July 1, 2018. It also includes provisions for providing a full-time nurse at all schools, along with a teacher-librarian. The proposal also calls for the hiring of 17 counselors by October and outlines a phased-in reduction of class sizes over the next three school years, with additional reductions for “high needs” campuses.
The county Office of Education, which oversees the finances of local school districts, opposed the new contract with United Teachers Los Angeles because it “relies heavily on one-time funding sources and projected revenues” and would exhaust the district’s financial reserves below legal requirements within two years.
“We have communicated our concerns in prior letters regarding the district’s growing structural deficit and have yet to see the governing board implement significant expenditure reductions and/or revenue enhancements that would stabilize the district’s financial position,” the county report said.
“This [contract proposal] continues the district’s practice of allowing the ending fund balance to erode, and continues to move the district toward financial insolvency.”
New sheriff battles
One of the county’s most powerful law enforcement figures was battling with the county Board of Supervisors, the Office of Inspector General and the county’s Civilian Oversight Commission, which oversees the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department.
Sheriff Alex Villanueva surprised many political observers when he defeated incumbent Sheriff Jim McDonnell in the November 2018.
Villanueva hadn’t been in office 60 days when the Board of Supervisors questioned his rehiring of a former deputy who was fired because of a domestic violence arrest and added to that firestorm when he called the county’s efforts to reduce violence in jails as “a social experiment that failed.”
The power struggle between Villanueva and the county landed in court March 4, with the county asking a judge to uphold the deputy’s termination.
The county filed a lawsuit in Los Angeles Superior Court challenging Villanueva’s reinstatement of Caren Carl Mandoyan, who was fired in 2016 by then-Sheriff Jim McDonnell.
According to the Los Angeles Times, a fellow deputy alleged Mandoyan grabbed her by the neck, tried to break into her home and sent her harassing text messages. Prosecutors investigated the woman’s claims but declined to charge Mandoyan.
His firing was upheld by the county Civil Service Commission, but Villanueva reinstated the deputy in his first weeks as sheriff. Mandoyan reportedly served as a campaign volunteer for Villanueva.
In March, County Auditor-Controller John Naimo issued a letter stating that the deputy would no longer be paid and must turn in his gun and badge.
Mandoyan ignored the letter.
In May, the California Contract Cities Association, a coalition of cities that contract for services from the county, expressed concerns about Villanueva’s actions, particularly his reinstatement of Mandoyan.
Villanueva told the Los Angeles Times that the contract cities “couldn’t care less” about the turmoil between him and the county Board of Supervisors. But in a letter responding to that claim, the cities’ membership organization said the sheriff’s comment about the contract cities was “inaccurate and highly troubling,” The Times reported.
“There is significant risk associated with reinstating deputies who have a history of excessive force or other misconduct and were previously dismissed in accordance with long-established department policy, particularly if those deputies are ever assigned to a contract city,” said the letter, signed by the leaders of the California Contract Cities Association.
Marcel Rodarte, the association’s executive director, said the letter was spurred by hearing complaints from a significant number of member cities.
Of the 88 cities in Los Angeles County, 42 contract with the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department for police services. Some cities spend as much as a third of their budgets on it. The payments represent about 10% of the department’s $3-billion annual budget.
John Heilman, a West Hollywood City Council member, praised his neighborhood deputies but said he’s troubled by the sheriff’s recent reinstatements of troubled deputies. With an $18-million contract, West Hollywood is among the highest-paying customers of the Sheriff’s Department because of its high volume of tourists and shoppers, which requires more patrols.
Other mayors — including Albert Robles of Carson, Marsha McLean of Santa Clarita and Brent Tercero of Pico Rivera — said they had strong relationships with the Sheriff’s Department and did not share concerns about Villanueva’s moves.
In October, the county Board of Supervisors voted to strengthen oversight of the Sheriff’s Department Oct. 15, directing county lawyers to find a way to grant subpoena power to the Office of Inspector General and, by extension, the Civilian Oversight Commission.
Supervisors Mark Ridley-Thomas and Sheila Kuehl co-authored the motion, and also asked attorneys to determine how the move would affect a March ballot measure asking voters to grant subpoena power to the Civilian Oversight Commission.
Ridley-Thomas said the motion wasn’t a sign of disrespect for the department.
“This should not be construed as damning the entirety of the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department,” Ridley-Thomas said. “The vast majority do their jobs well and we respect that.”
The fight over the employment of Mandoyan remained in the courts.
faces drug charges
Law enforcement also figured in a case involving a wealthy West Hollywood political donor who is finally facing charges after two black men died within 18 months of each other of methamphetamine overdoses in his apartment.
Ed Buck was indicted by a federal grand jury and arrested Sept. 17 forproviding methamphetamine that led to the overdose deaths of Gemmel Moore in July 2017 and Timothy Dean in January 2019. The U.S. Attorney’s Office also charged Buck with providing meth to three more men, including one who overdosed. Buck also faces state charges for distributing methamphetamine, battery and operating a drug house.
If convicted of the federal charges, Buck could face a mandatory minimum sentence of 20 years in federal prison and a maximum sentence of life without parole. The state charges carry a maximum sentence of 5 years and 8 months in state prison.
Buck was finally arrested after, according to the U.S. Attorney’s complaint, he “personally and deliberately” administered a large dose of meth to a 37-year-old man identified as Joe Doe. The man left to seek medical treatment, but returned to Buck’s apartment on Sept. 11, at which time authorities say Buck gave him “two dangerously large” doses of meth. Buck then allegedly tried to stop Doe from seeking help, but the alleged victim escaped and called 911 from a nearby gas station.
The U.S. Attorney’s affidavit outlines Buck’s pattern of soliciting men for sex in exchange for drugs and money. The documents show Buck had engaged in dangerous sexual fetishes for years.
As the year ended, it was announced that Buck was being represented by attorney Christopher Darden, one of the lead prosecutors in the 1995 O.J. Simpson murder trial.
Darden confirmed he was representing Buck, but refrained from further comment.
“That’s all I can say today,” he said. “I haven’t received any discovery yet, so that’s all I can say.”
Court records show Darden replaced Buck’s deputy public defender, Claire Simonich, on Dec. 5.
Buck’s federal trial is scheduled to begin next Nov. 4.
Wave Staff Report